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Visiting Ancient Egypt: The Pyramids of Giza

 

 

Visiting Ancient Egypt: The Pyramids of Giza View large version Egypt is famous for its pyramids, and these represent the main reason for why so many people travel here yearly. The ancient world of the old Egypt is fascinating and amazing, and the Pyramids of Giza are a must see place whenever you choose to travel to this African country. Where you need to get first is Cairo, the capital city of Egypt. You can choose your accommodations here and check in, and then see how to get to the pyramids. As the Valley of Giza stretches right outside the city, there are many tours offered to tourists that want to see the pyramids. The most important ones are represented by the Great Pyramid of Khufu, then the Pyramid of Menkaura and the smaller Pyramid of Khafre, each erected to honor the memory of a pharaoh.

Your first stop must be at the Great Pyramid belonging to pharaoh Khufu. The best known from the three adorning the Valley of Giza, this famous pyramid was erected during the times of pharaoh Khufu. The base of the construction stretches on nine acres and the height of the pyramid measures 449 feet. No less than 2.3 million blocks of stones were used for making this pyramid, and the stone used was limestone. Each block weighs from two to fifteen tones, which is among the reasons why the pyramids are such extraordinary constructions. Considered one of the famous Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Pyramid of Khufu used to be (that is, till the 19th century) the tallest construction in the entire world.

The second stop must be at the Pyramid of Khafre. Khafre was the son of pharaoh Khufu, and his pyramid used to be 471 feet high. This pyramid is made of blocks of limestone and granite, and each of these blocks was 2.5 tons in weight. Because the pyramid was erected on a taller ground than the other, it seems to be taller, but it's not. Khafre was the inspiration for the Great Sphinx, which is believed to be a portrait of the pharaoh. Opposed to the construction of the pyramids, made of limestone, this is made of sandstone, which is much softer. The reason why the Sphinx held so well over time is that it was covered by sand, and therefore preserved. You can see the ravaging effects of time on the face of the Sphinx, which was partially destroyed by the weather but, overall, the construction still stands.

The last of the pyramids, and the smallest, is the Pyramid of Menkaure. Menkaure was the son of the ruler Khafre, and the dimensions are smaller overall. The height was only 218 feet, and it used to measure 356 feet. In the same Valley of Giza, you will find other three small pyramids that were erected for some of the wives of pharaoh Khufu, and other few for children of the pharaoh.

If you choose to spend an incredible holiday in Egypt, do not neglect visiting the Pyramids of Giza. These amazing constructions will surely take your breath away!

 



 

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